“The Negro Question”. Albert Einstein’s 1946 Statement on Racism and Civil Rights

einstein racism

THE NEGRO QUESTION (1946) by Albert Einstein I am writing as one who has lived among you in America only a little more than ten years. And I am writing seriously and warningly. Many readers may ask: “What right has he to speak about things which concern us alone, and which no newcomer should touch?” … Read more

Patrice Lumumba: The Most Important Assassination of the 20th Century

Patrice Lumumba, the first legally elected prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), was assassinated 55 years ago, on 17 January, 1961. This heinous crime was a culmination of two inter-related assassination plots by American and Belgian governments, which used Congolese accomplices and a Belgian execution squad to carry out the deed. Ludo De Witte, … Read more

Mental Freedom and the Omission of African Achievements from History

We hang our hopes on economic development playing a large role in allowing us to reclaim our history from the West, but which comes first, understanding of our own history or economic development? Is real economic development even feasible without a grasp of history? Columnist and author Dr. Chika Ezeanya’s excellent piece on "Reclaiming Africa’s … Read more

The History of Pan Africanism

“Pan Africanism can be said to have its origins in the struggles of the African people against enslavement and colonisation” Dr Tajudeen Abdul-Raheem (Pan Africanism: Politics, Economy and Social Change in the Twenty-first Century). And this struggle may be traced back to the first resistance on slave ships – rebellions and suicides – through the … Read more

Black Consciousness Movement

The Black Consciousness Movement is an umbrella term used to describe the black consciousness ideology and the different organisations and groups centred around it. The ideology was propagated in the sixties, mainly by students. They formed numerous organisations through which to channel their black consciousness propaganda. Steve Biko, who died in custody in September 1977, was a major exponent of the black consciousness philosophy.

Some of the most influential black consciousness groups, such as the Black People's Convention (BPC) and the South African Students' Organisation (SASO), were banned in October 1977. Subsequently the Black Consciousness Movement has been used as an umbrella term to de-scribe the different groups or organisations such as Azapo and

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